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Gandhi is a 1982 period biographical film based on the life of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of nonviolent non-cooperative Indian independence movement against the British Raj during the 20th century. A co-production between India and United Kingdom, it is directed and produced by Richard Attenborough from a screenplay written by John Briley. It stars Ben Kingsley in the title role. The film covers Gandhi's life from a defining moment in 1893, as he is thrown off a South African train for being in a whites-only compartment, and concludes with his assassination and funeral in 1948. Although a practising Hindu, Gandhi's embracing of other faiths, particularly Christianity and Islam, is also depicted.

Plot

On 30 January 1948, after an evening prayer, an elderly Gandhi is helped out for his evening walk to meet a large number of greeters and admirers. One visitor, Nathuram Godse, shoots him point blank in the chest. Gandhi exclaims, "Oh, God!", and then falls dead.

Awards

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    author
    award Academy Award for Best Actor Academy Award for Best Cinematography Academy Award for Best Costume Design Academy Award for Best Director Academy Award for Best Film Editing Academy Award for Best Picture Academy Award for Best Production Design Academy Award for Best Writing, Original Screenplay National Board of Review Award for Best Film National Board of Review: Top Ten Films
    contentLocation England India South Africa
    director Richard Attenborough
    editor John Bloom
    events Mahatma Gandhi
    genre drama historical
    keywords 30 january 1948 a conference assassination of mahatma gandhi bangladesh british empire even fight ganga godse hindu horrify hunger strike id indian independence indians in south africa jallianwala bagh massacre last day london mohandas karamchand gandhi in south africa muhammad ali muhammad ali jinnah muslim nathuram godse national hero non-violent non-cooperation campaign non-violent protest campaign pakistan partition of india prime minister prime minister of india quit india salt march satyagraha second round table conference second world war south african south african indians swaraj world war
    musicBy Ravi Shankar
    nomination Academy Award for Best Actor Academy Award for Best Cinematography Academy Award for Best Costume Design Academy Award for Best Director Academy Award for Best Film Editing Academy Award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling Academy Award for Best Original Score Academy Award for Best Picture Academy Award for Best Production Design Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing Academy Award for Best Writing, Original Screenplay
    producer Richard Attenborough
    publisher Columbia Pictures
    theme biographical biographical drama epic gang