The 11th Day: Crete 1941

The 11th Day: Crete 1941

The 11th Day: Crete 1941 is a 2005 documentary film featuring eyewitness accounts from survivors of the Battle of Crete during World War II. The film was created by producer-director Christos Epperson and writer-producer Michael Epperson, and funded by Alex Spanos. Among the eyewitnesses are British SOE operative and famous travel writer Patrick Leigh Fermor, along with George Doundoulakis, and Cretan Resistance hero George Tzitzika. The non-veterans giving historical commentary include Chase Brandon of the CIA and Professor Andre Gerolymatos of Simon Fraser University.


On May 20, 1941, an invasion begun with elite German paratroopers, the Fallschirmjäger, invading the island. It was to be the beginning of one of the largest paratrooper assaults in modern history, ultimately involving 22,040 German soldiers. It was also to be the first time German troops faced a unified resistance from a civilian populace. The Battle of Crete would become the largest German airborne operation of World War II, known as "Operation Mercury," (, also Unternehmen Merkur, ).