Snowden is a 2016 biographical thriller film directed by Oliver Stone and written by Stone and Kieran Fitzgerald. Based on the books The Snowden Files (2014) by Luke Harding and Time of the Octopus (2015) by Anatoly Kucherena, the film stars Joseph Gordon-Levitt as Edward Snowden, a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) subcontractor and whistleblower who copied and leaked highly classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) beginning in 2013. In addition to Gordon-Levitt, the film features an ensemble cast including Shailene Woodley, Melissa Leo, Zachary Quinto, Tom Wilkinson, Scott Eastwood, Logan Marshall-Green, Timothy Olyphant, Ben Schnetzer, LaKeith Lee Stanfield, Rhys Ifans and Nicolas Cage. An international co-production of Germany, France, and the United States, principal photography began on February 16, 2015, in Munich.


In 2013, Edward Snowden arranges a clandestine meeting in Hong Kong with documentarian Laura Poitras and journalist Glenn Greenwald. They discuss releasing the classified information in the former's possession regarding illegal mass surveillance conducted by the National Security Agency (NSA). Poitras later released a documentary about this meeting titled Citizenfour, this in turn was used in a scene within the film Snowden.

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    contentLocation Maryland
    director Oliver Stone
    editor Alex Marquez Lee Percy
    events Edward Snowden global surveillance disclosures (2013–present) National Security Agency
    genre political thriller
    keywords activism administrative discharge asylum basic training begin build central intelligence agency chief justice chief justice of the united states china chinese citizenfour classify cyberwarfare date deputy director deputy director of the central intelligence agency disillusion documentarian documentary film driving under the influence drone duo end epilepsy ewen macaskill foreign intelligence surveillance act fourth amendment fourth amendment to the united states constitution geneva glenn greenwald hawaii hawaii cryptologic center hunting trip intelligence agency japan journalist latin america laura poitras lindsay mills malware mass surveillance meet microsd middle east military discharge moscow national security new job oahu pakistan passport question rebuild right of asylum rubik\'s cube russia secure digital set up sigint signals intelligence smuggle special forces the national tibia train tunnel u.s. army underground world united states army unmanned combat aerial vehicle us passport world war ii
    musicBy Craig Armstrong
    producer Eric Kopeloff Fernando Sulichin Moritz Borman Philip Schulz-Deyle
    productionCompany Endgame Entertainment KrautPack Entertainment Vendian Entertainment
    publisher Buena Vista International Open Road Films Pathé Universum Film
    recordedAt Bavaria Germany Hong Kong Munich
    theme biographical political thriller security and surveillance war whistleblowing