This article is written about the 1960 film; for the 1937 film or the 1944 film, see Parakh (1937 film) or Parakh (1944 film).
The central character is the Post Master Nivaran (Nasir Hussain) who is given a mysterious cheque for 500,000 to be given to anyone who will use it to benefit the people of the village. There is a postman Haradhan who is actually Sir Jagdish Chandra(Motilal) who pretends to be lame and has secretly come to the village to know the right person to handover the cheque, so he visits most of the possible candidates for verification of their honesty. Then there is the postmaster's wife(Leela Chitnis), who is sick and would rather use the money to cure her illness, and his beautiful daughter Seema (Sadhana), who has a crush on the village schoolmaster Rajat (Basanta Chowdhary). Meanwhile, all the greedy and influential people of the village are busy trying to convince everybody why they are most deserving of the money; they include the village Pandit( Kanaiyalal), the landlord Rai bahadur tandav (Jayant), the money lender Bhanjhi Babu (Asit Sen), the village doctor(Rashid khan), Vaidji (Moni Chatterjee) and the school master Rajat who withdraws his name, who is by far the most respected. Each one tries to woo the villagers by being sympathetic and become a cheerful giver to all by offering various sops.They all decide democracy is the best means and decide to hold an election where the winner gets the money. One day the Landlords westernised sister in law Chanda(Nishi) arrives to the village, who is given lift by Rajat on his cycle from the railway station, thereafter she tries to get friendly to Rajat with some excuse or the other. Seema gets upset over this scenario and quarrels with him. The movie is a satirical look at democracy through various twists and turns in the plot, interwoven with a simple love story.